The Indian Ocean region (IOR) has important historical significance because of its geographical connection with the land.
The entire IOR is adjacent to three continents, Asia (South and Southeast Asia), Africa (East Africa) and Australia (western side of the continent).
However, all these adjacent areas make the IOR an important strategic point. In particular, the North Indian Ocean is a hub for economic, strategic and political activities, with a large amount of global capital flowing through this part of the Indian Ocean. These global flows require an uninterrupted and secure communications sea line (SLOC) to maximize revenue and bring benefits to stakeholders.
SLOC is a long-established maritime connectivity route between ports and ports for maritime trade, logistics, defense and strategic purposes.
SLOC is considered to be the national jugular vein because of global business, energy, and technology flows; communication means, humans, and even illegal/irregular economies are all dependent on SLOC.
Historically, the northern Indian Ocean was considered to be very fragile because its coastal zone was close to three important obstruction points. In the Strait of Hormuz, Babul Mandeb is further connected to the Suez Canal and the Mozambique Strait. A fairly common feature of coastal countries is that they have developing and less developed countries.
The backwardness of these countries is mainly due to illegal activities and non-traditional security threats such as piracy, kidnapping for extortion, theft, hijacking, illegal fishing and coral harvesting, firearms trading, smuggling and trafficking, which pose serious problems for security and stability in the region. . Including humans, narcotics, goods, weapons, and even sandstone and other resources.
SLOC is not only used for the global flow of the jugular vein; but it is the lifeline of safety, peace and stability in the region and is highly dependent on the smooth conduct of marine activities. If these SLOCs are damaged in some way, they will affect global mobility and have a serious impact on the international system; even if the region is on the verge of violent conflict or limited war, it may have spillover effects and may use its regional conflicts to penetrate Coastal countries. In fact, these SLOCs have no other options or routes. This is why these SLOCs need to be widely protected.
Regional conflicts, convergence and divergence patterns, combined with the interests of large countries and regional and regional influences, can create traditional security threats. The ever-changing balance of ocean power and the conflict of interest in the IOR are another factor that can lead to increased insecurity and may lead to conflict. Offshore staging area and extra-regional actors has become an important factor affecting the northern part of IOR balance of power changes, especially in the United States and China is building a naval base and commercial port time. These powers to establish strategic partnerships with regional actors make the current situation more fragile.
Pakistan is located in the northern part of the Indian Ocean coastline stretches over 1000 km, and the sea is Pakistan’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ), an area of about 240,000 square kilometers, in addition to the continental shelf area of about 50,000 square kilometers. According to the information the National Institute of Oceanography of Pakistan, Pakistan’s waters 30% larger than the land.
Pakistan Navy and law enforcement agencies not only responsible for the maintenance of peace, security and stability in the region through contingent, but also to act as guardian of the maritime border in Pakistan, the Pakistan Navy (PN) to fulfill the duties of the following items: cooperation and collaboration in security arrangements .
Pakistan Navy have been guided by the principle of freedom of navigation, and responsibility for the maintenance of peace and security in the northern part of the IOR.
The Pakistani Navy’s commitment to peace and security in the region is evident through its strong role and advanced performance, making it a pioneer in the joint efforts of regional security, peace and stability.
At the regional level, PN joined the United States-led Joint Naval Warfare Program (CMCP) and anti-piracy deployments for the first time as part of the 2004 United Sea Force, with the aim of examining illegal activities, including potential threats to maritime terrorism following the tsunami. . The war on terror. Under this initiative, the Pakistan Navy has been part of the 150th Joint Task Force (CTF-150) and the 151st Joint Task Force (CTF-151) to control and contain maritime terrorism and piracy, respectively. Several successful actions have been taken to ensure the safety of SLOCs in the North Indian Ocean, which has greatly alleviated these challenges.
The Pakistan Navy’s repeated leadership of these teams not only helped to maintain security and peace in the region, but also provided the Pakistani Navy with a wide range of opportunities to improve its operational capabilities and to excel in the “blue diplomacy” of the sea. In 2018, the Pakistani Navy launched a Regional Maritime Security Patrol (RMSP) in the Indian Ocean to reduce terrorism, maritime crime, trafficking, smuggling and piracy. This is an independent initiative that has been appreciated by regional and extra-regional participants.
The core concept behind RMSP is to strengthen cooperation at the regional level to give the region strategic autonomy.
As a country, Pakistan is a policy guideline and abiding by international law in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations. The Pakistani Navy actively participates in international forums related to the sea.
In particular, the Pakistan Navy represented India in the Indian Ocean Naval Symposium and the Western Pacific Naval Symposium. Similarly, various collaborative projects and exercises aimed at improving operational skills, technology and information sharing have been carried out.
This exercise, called “AMAN”, is a biennial exercise based on the common ground and common goals of the country. The goal of this exercise is not only excellent operational and technological advancement, but also academic aspects.
Therefore, seminars, conferences, exhibitions and field trips are tailored to the needs of research and development.
The Pakistan Navy is one of the world-class navies. It has a higher level of professional competence, combat capability and dedication, not only for its own country, but for helping humanity at the time and place it needs.
However, if there is some disaster in the ocean, PN professionals will always be at the forefront, and in any case help the people who are strangled. Indeed, the Pakistani Navy is not only a force to expand national policy through coercion, but also believes in peaceful coexistence in the region and maximizes the relative benefits of economic security, strategic stability and regional peace.